A Glamorgan Family History
|Sarah (Howell) Bowen cont.|
|Early life||Henry's will||Children||Name index|
|In the census of 1851, the enumerator's mistake in originally describing Henry as being married, demonstrates how recently Sarah's death had occured. He had to amend his error by crossing this out and writing widower above. Henry is also described as being a farmer of 47 acres. Perhaps surprisingly, so soon after her mother's death, Henry and Sarah's eldest daughter, Jane is not enumerated in the family home, but is a servant in the household of her mother's sister, Jane Jones at Llechartfawr. It is their 15 year old, daughter, Sarah who appears to have stepped into her mother's shoes by caring for the family of Rebecca (12), Hannah (9) and 4 year old, Ann. It cannot have been easy for Henry to raise 5 daughters on his own and he may have relied on the help and advice of his own sister, Mary and sisters-in-law, Jane Jones and Alice Bowen.
This again was a decade of great changes for the family who never all appeared on a census entry together. On 17th October 1852, eldest daughter, Jane married John James of Green Meadow, Rhydyfro at St. John's Parish Church in Clydach. John, aged approx 25, was a wool spinner, originally from the Llanddeusant/Myddfai area of Carmarthenshire and he and Jane first settled in Rhydyfro and made Henry a grandfather with the births of Henry (1853), Sarah (1855) and William (1857). Following Jane's wedding, there was an interval before a flurry of weddings at the end of the decade must have seriously depleted Henry's savings. On 14th August 1858, 2nd eldest daughter, Sarah married 23 year old miner, Rees Phillips of Trebanos at Llangyfelach Parish Church. This was followed on 9th July 1859 by middle daughter, Rebecca's wedding to miner, John Morgan of Brynhynydd farm, Bettws (my great great-grandparents) at St. John's Parish Church, Clydach. Later the same year on 12th November, 4th daughter, Hannah married her brother-in-law, John Morgan's younger brother, Daniel at Christ Church, Bettws and the couple moved in with Henry and his youngest daughter, Ann at Llettyrcrydd.
Henry Bowen is not to be found in the census of 1861. His son-in-law, Daniel Morgan is described as the head of the household at Lletty'r crydd which also includes Daniel's wife, Hannah and his sister-in-law, Ann Bowen. Although I cannot trace him, Henry was still alive, but his whereabouts during this decade until his death on 3th November 1869 at Brynhynydd Uchaf farm (also known as Pant Brynhynydd) in Bettws remain a mystery. Brynhynydd Uchaf farm was next to the Brynhynydd farm where Henry's 2 sons-in-law, John and Daniel Morgan were born - and where their parents still lived. Perhaps Henry took over this farm or perhaps he moved there to join Hannah and Daniel who were enumerated at the farm after his death in the census of 1871? Either way, Henry returned to the Baran mountain to be buried with Sarah at the Baran chapel cemetery.
Henry's will was written on 1st November, just 3 days before his death. It's a very informative document. From the family details contained in the will, I was able to identify the married names of all his daughters and later trace them through the censuses. Evidence of the family relationship with his sister-in-law, Jane Jones and her husband, Howell at Llachartfawr is also demonstrated. There is also a sense, both from the nature of the bequests, and her failure to be named as an executrix, that his 2nd daughter, Sarah was not living locally. The wording of the will also gave the first indication that by the time it was written, Henry and Sarah's eldest daughter, Jane had already died. The will reveals that Henry was a careful investor of his money who clearly didn't beleive in risking all his eggs in one basket and was determined to make provision for his daughters - especially Ann who remained unmarried at the time of his death.
|Henry Bowen's Will:||Top|
|Jane (Bowen) James||Sarah (Bowen) Phillips|
|Rebecca (Bowen) Morgan|
|Hannah (Bowen) Morgan||Ann (Bowen) Evans|