|Overseers of the Poor
|The following entries were found in a notebook which holds references dating back to the 1740s. It's not clear whose notebook it is and some entries are written in different handwritings. Many refer to tiling and building work that has been carried out for local farmers in the Rhyndwyclydach area. One possibility for the main author is a Jenkin William.
Several pages are given over to 2 separate lists of "Overseers of the Poor" during the period 1740-1801. Only the entries for the years: 1746, 1747, 1751 and 1766 are missing.
The position of Overseer of the Poor was an unpaid office, created by the Poor Law Act of 1597/8. This Act established the obligation of every parish to provide relief for the local poor. At least two members of the parish were appointed annually by the vestry to "oversee" this task. Originally, overseers were responsible for assessing and then gathering the so-called "poor rate" from each household as well as supervising it's distribution to the needy. As populations became more mobile, it became difficult for individual parishes to manage this duty effectively. The Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834 saw the creation of Unions of local parishes to collectively provide for their poor and build workhouses to accomodate them. Alongside the other parcels of Llangyfelach parish, Rhyndwyclydach became part of the Swansea Union. While Overseers continued to levy the rate, it's use was now administered by a local, elected, Board of Guardians.
|Transcript of the above:|
|David Bowen & John Thomas
David Philip & Griffy Mathew
John William & David Wm. Hopkin
William Penry & David Hopkin
Einon Bynon & John Mors
Thomas Harry & Hopkin Morgan
William David tiler
|A second list of overseers is numbered:|
| 1. Wm. David Einon & Evan David Londy
2. Rees David & William Evan Gwerllwyn
3. David Phillip & William Lewis
4. John William & Morgan Wm.
5. Hendry Phillip & Edward Grooston
6. Richard John & John Lloyd
7. Einon Thomas & David Jn. Jenkin
8. John David & Lewis William
9. Evan David & Benjamin Jenkin
10. John Bevan & Jenkin Lewis
11. William Harry & John Evans
12. David Wm. & Evan Jenkin
13. John Philip & David Symms
14. William Morgan & Wm. Llewelin
15. William John & Samuel David
16. Lewis David & Evan John
17. Richard Wm. & Phillip Wm.
18. Llewelin Bevan & Watkin David
19. Hopkin Harry & William Elias
20. Elias John & David Bowen
21. Hopkin Evan & Thomas Rees
22. David Lewis & John Philip
23. John Thomas Kuthulid & Philip John
24. John Thomas Quar. & Philip John
25. Thomas Harry & William Richard
26. Samuel David & John Howell
27. John Thomas Gwerllwyn & John Howell
28. Evan Jenkin & Thomas Rees Lugos
29. Wm. John & Lliwlyn John
30. John Cook & John Bevan
31. John David & D. Bowen
32. Lewis Wm. & Hendry David
33. Benjamin Jenkin & Thomas Howell
34. Thomas Thomas & Thomas Watkin
35. John Bevan & Isaac John
36. Watkin David & Llewelin Bevan
37. David Bowen & Rees Thomas
38. John Thomas & John Wm.
39. Morgan Jones & Thomas William
40. John H. Evans & Henery ?
41. Lewis Lewis & Philip John
42. Thomas Harry & Jenkin Wm.
43. John Gyps? & Evan Jn.
44. Samuel David & Philip John Philip
|1st page of numbered list:|
|No entry is recorded for 1766|
|Complete numbered list|
|Highlighted entries are connected to Howell & Bowen families|